Pyramid Fields of Giza

The ancient and enigmatic constructions of Ancient Egypt

Country: Egypt | Type: Cultural | Theme: ArchaeologicalBurial

Introduction to Pyramid Fields of Giza

Memphis, located in Egypt, was the capital of the Old Kingdom and today contains numerous ancient monuments.  Some of its highlights include rock tombs, temples, pyramids, and ornate mastabas.  This area, in ancient times, was considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World.  Some of the well-known monuments in the area include the limestone step pyramid constructed by the first pharaoh of the Memphis period and one of the oldest boats preserved today at Giza.

The pyramid of the first pharaoh during the Memphis period is constructed from limestone; it’s the oldest architectural structure of this form in the world.  Other pyramids include the pyramid built as a mausoleum by Djoser, the Red Pyramid, the Rhomboid Pyramid, the Pyramids of Giza, each different in their architectural characteristics.

When visiting Egypt, many tourists take pyramid tours.  Many of these tours last a number of days, anywhere from 5 to 14, taking tourists on a journey down the Nile River.  These tours typically include visiting the pyramids, tombs, temples, and museums.

On these types of tours, one destination almost always included is the Giza Plateau, as this is where the most famous pyramids are located.  Often, these pyramids are open for visitors to walk through so that they can see the insides.  However, sometimes pyramids may be closed for preservation purposes; if you are interested in going inside one pyramid in particular, it is wise to do some research ahead of time to ensure it is open at that time.  Also, some pyramids limit the number of visitors who are allowed inside at one day, so you may want to arrive at the site early in the day to purchase your tickets.

The second place of interest that is typically high on a tourist list is the Great Step Pyramid of Djoser.  Many visitors find this to be a particularly intriguing site, as this was the first pyramid to be built in Egypt.  This pyramid is part of the Saqqara necropolis of Memphis.  Several recent discoveries have also been made here, including a queen’s pyramid, the tomb of a prime minister, and a pyramid of a king.  The Old Kingdom tombs here are famous for the beautiful artwork they contain.

A few other famous pyramids that you may wish to visit are the Bent Pyramid and the Red Pyramid.  The Bent Pyramid was one of the earliest attempts to create a pyramid with smooth sides.  It is also one of the most well-preserved pyramids.  The Red Pyramid is also in good condition and it is typically open to tourists and visits are free of charge.

The Pyramid Fields of Giza, located in Egypt, are considered one of the world’s greatest architectural and engineering achievements and a testament to ancient Egyptian civilization. The three main pyramids – the Great Pyramid of Giza, the Pyramid of Khafre, and the Pyramid of Menkaure – are part of a larger complex of pyramids, temples, and tombs, built between 2630 and 2500 BCE. The pyramids were built as tombs for the pharaohs and their consorts, with the Great Pyramid of Giza being the largest and oldest of the three. It is believed to have been built for Pharaoh Khufu and is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The Pyramid Fields of Giza were designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979, recognizing their cultural and historical significance.

The Pyramid Fields of Giza are located in Giza, Egypt, and there are several ways to get there:

  1. Taxi: Taxis are readily available in Cairo, and a taxi ride from the city center to the Pyramid Fields of Giza takes around 30-45 minutes.
  2. Bus: Public buses, such as microbuses, are another option for getting to the Pyramid Fields of Giza, though they can be crowded and the route may not be well-marked.
  3. Private car: Hiring a private car with a driver is another option, which can be arranged through a tour company or your hotel.
  4. Metro: The quickest and most convenient way to reach the Pyramid Fields of Giza is by taking the metro to Giza station, which is the last stop on Line 2. From there, taxis or tuk-tuks are available for the short trip to the pyramids.
  5. Bicycle: Bicycles can be rented from shops near the pyramids, allowing visitors to explore the area at their own pace.

Regardless of the mode of transportation, it is important to be aware of the local traffic conditions and to take safety precautions when traveling in Egypt.

Key Facts

Nearest City: Cairo
Province: Giza
Coordinates: Lat: 29.97604, Long: 31.13041
Accessibility: Easy
Services: Extensive


  • Some of the most famous man-made monuments in the world
  • One of the Seven Wonders of the World in ancient times
  • Features well-known pyramids from Egyptian history
  • Visitors can take tours to see the many pyramids
  • Some pyramids allow visitors to access the inside
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