Africa – prehistoric cradle of the earliest human societies

Africa’s World Heritage portrait is painted with a rich historical past and strong influences from Europe, the Middle East, Asia, and from within Africa. The continent is known as the ‘Cradle of Mankind’, where the discovery of hominid fossils contributed greatly to the advancement of the study of pre-historic man.

Its terrain and climate form a mosaic of transitioning landscapes from arid and semi-arid deserts to wide savannas and wetlands, to subtropical and tropical rainforests—all crucial to the sustenance of present-day tribes and diverse wildlife it supports in its folds.

Like its landscapes, Africa’s cultural heritage presents a myriad of contrasting structures: roofless Punic town rubbles and mosaic tiles of Greco-Roman city ruins, European-styled bay forts and island strongholds, villages, palaces and mosques built out of the mud and conical thatched roofs with granite rock enclosures. However, among Africa’s spectacular cultural monuments, the great pyramids of Giza are the single most enigmatic wonder which continues to fascinate the world over.