Although it is referred to as a continent, the region of Europe is actually a section of the western peninsula of Eurasia. The Ural Mountains and the Black and Caspian Seas lie between Europe and Asia, and to the south, the Mediterranean Sea separates the land from Africa.
With a rich supply of natural resources such as forests, marine life, coal, and fertile soil, Europe also counts its people as a valuable resource. A high standard of living is enjoyed by many, and Europe is known for excellence in technology, science, business, and the arts.
During Europe’s famous colonial period, beginning in the sixteenth century, its inhabitants spread out across the globe to occupy territory in Africa, Asia, Oceania, and the Americas. This dominance eventually declined due to various colonies fighting for their independence. However, the influence of different European cultures is still felt across the world.
The World Wars of the twentieth century temporarily crippled much of Europe. Some areas of Eastern Europe have not yet recovered from the damage and loss, but in general, the whole region works together, particularly under the influence of the European Union.